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  • 重症监护室装修的建设要求有哪些?
    来源:http://www.drdemento.net 浏览: 发布日期:2021-05-06
    1、ICUCU的病床数量一般按全院总床位的3~5%为宜设置,每个ICU管理单元以8到12张床位为宜;床位使用率以65~75%为宜。
    1. The number of beds in ICU is generally 3-5% of the total beds in the hospital, and 8-12 beds are suitable for each ICU management unit; The bed utilization rate should be 65-75%.
    2、地理位置选择上,方便患者转运、检查和治疗的区域,并考虑以下因素:接近主要服务对象病区、手术室、影像学科、化验室和血库等,在横向无法实现“接近”时,应该考虑楼上楼下的纵向“接近”
    2. In terms of geographical location, it is convenient for patients to transport, check and treat, and the following factors should be considered: close to the main service object ward, operating room, imaging discipline, laboratory and blood bank, etc. when the horizontal "close" cannot be realized, the vertical "close" of upstairs and downstairs should be considered
    3、ICU开放式病床每床的占地面积为15~18M2;每个ICU少配备一个单间病房,面积为18~25M2。每个ICU中的正压和负压隔离病房的设立,通常配备负压隔离病房1~2间。
    3. The area of each open bed in ICU is 15 ~ 18m2; Each ICU is less equipped with a single ward, with an area of 18-25m2. The establishment of positive pressure and negative pressure isolation wards in each ICU is usually equipped with 1-2 negative pressure isolation wards.
    4、ICU的基本辅助用房包括医师办公室、主任办公室、工作人员休息室、工作站、治疗室、配药室、仪器室、更衣室、清洁室、污废物处理室、值班室、盥洗室等。有条件的ICU可配置其他辅助用房,包括示教室、家属接待室、实验室、营养准备室等。辅助用房面积与病房面积之比应达到1.5:1以上。
    4. The basic auxiliary rooms of ICU include doctor's office, director's office, staff rest room, central workstation, treatment room, dispensing room, instrument room, dressing room, cleaning room, waste treatment room, duty room, washroom, etc. ICU can be equipped with other auxiliary rooms, including classroom, family reception room, laboratory, nutrition preparation room, etc. The ratio of auxiliary room area to ward area should be more than 1.5:1.
    5、ICU的整体布局应该使放置病床的医疗区域、医疗辅助用房区域、污物处理区域和医务人员生活辅助用房区域等有相对的独立性,以减少彼此之间的互相干扰并有利于感染的控制。
    5. The overall layout of ICU should make the medical area, auxiliary room area, sewage treatment area and auxiliary room area for medical staff have relative independence, so as to reduce mutual interference and facilitate infection control.
    6、ICU应具备良好的通风、采光条件,有条件者装配气流方向从上到下的空气净化系统,能独立控制室内的温度和湿度。医疗区域内的温度应维持在(24±1.5)℃左右。每个单间的空气调节系统应该独立控制。安装足够的感应式洗手设施和手部消毒装置,单间每床1套,开放式病床至少每2床1套。
    6. ICU should have good ventilation and lighting conditions. If possible, it should be equipped with air purification system from top to bottom, which can independently control the indoor temperature and humidity. The temperature in the medical area should be maintained at (24 ± 5) ℃. The air conditioning system of each room should be controlled independently. Install enough inductive hand washing facilities and hand disinfection devices, 1 set for each bed in a single room, and 1 set for each 2 beds in an open hospital bed.
    7、ICU要有合理的包括人员流动和物流在内的医疗流向,通过不同的进出通道实现,以大限度减少各种干扰和交叉感染。
    7. ICU should have reasonable medical flow direction including personnel flow and logistics, which can be realized through different entrance and exit channels, so as to minimize all kinds of interference and cross infection.
    8、ICU病房建筑装饰必须遵循不产尘、不积尘、耐腐蚀、防潮防霉、防静电、容易清洁和符合防火要求的总原则。
    8. The building decoration of ICU ward must follow the general principles of no dust production, no dust accumulation, corrosion resistance, moisture-proof, mildew proof, anti-static, easy to clean and meet the requirements of fire prevention.
    9、ICU的设计要求应该满足提供医护人员便利的观察条件和在必要时尽快接触病人的通道。
    9. The design of ICU should meet the requirements of providing convenient observation conditions for medical staff and access to patients as soon as possible when necessary.
    10、除了患者的呼叫信号、监护仪器的报警声外,电话铃声、打印机等仪器发出的声音等均属于ICU的噪音。在不影响正常工作的情况下,这些声音应尽可能减少到小的水平。根据噪音协会的建议,ICU白天的噪音不要超过45分贝(A),傍晚40分贝(A),夜晚20分贝(A)。地面覆盖物、墙壁和天花板应该尽量采用高吸音的建筑材料。
    10. In addition to the patient's call signal and the alarm sound of monitoring equipment, the sound of telephone ring, printer and other equipment belongs to ICU noise. In the case of not affecting the normal work, these sounds should be reduced to a small level as far as possible. According to the recommendations of the international noise Association, the noise in ICU should not exceed 45 dB (a) in the daytime, 40 dB (a) in the evening and 20 dB (a) at night. Floor coverings, walls and ceilings should be made of high sound-absorbing building materials.
    11、ICU应建立完善的通讯系统、网络与临床信息管理系统、广播系统。
    11. ICU should establish perfect communication system, network and clinical information management system, broadcasting system.

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